Australia, its history and location.
Australia, formally referred to as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country that is one of the territory of Oceania. It’s the major continental mass in which occupies the Sahul platform and is surrounded by the Antartic Indian And Pacific Glaciers Oceans; it is separated from Asia through the oceans of Arafura and Timor. It is bordered by the nations East Timor Papuan New Guinea And Indonesia the north, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand To The Southeast Region.
So how exactly does the history of Australia begin?
The history of Australia dates back to when men came on its territory the first time. Australian aborigines came by boat from the southeast of the Eurasian continent roughly 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in discussion given that Australian prehistory is considered to be some years more extensive since there are no articles of human being activities prior to contact with Europeans. And, also, around 1,000,000 aborigines already occupied the place after they colonized it.
It is stated that Australia was found in the 16th century by Spanish and Portuguese sailors, but they kept the info secret for ideal motives. After that, Dutch explorers done the first sighting a hundred years after. Nevertheless, they considered it an uninhabitable territory that was not appropriate for colonization and left free passing to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Though there was some other European expeditions in past times, what is considered the most complete exploration of Australia was done in the Eighteenth century with the English captain James Cook, who arrived in 1770, claimed the territory for the British crown and also got control of the Southeast of the tropical island in the name of the king of England.
Cook’s findings and the acceptance of his reports through English government, made possible the very first European settlement on the region, so it is typical to listen to that Cook is the discoverer of the the southern area of land, even though the true breakthrough discovery took place more than A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years prior to his trip.
England was particularly interested in Australia for the reason that found it as a possible answer to the problem of overpopulation that they suffered at that time because of the loss of the THIRTEEN American colonies and it also was thought to move a part of its inhabitants there. For this reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 First Navy ships left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, colonists came and populated the area whilst displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and also illnesses.
It became a Federation.
When the twentieth century came, Australia didn’t exist as a nation: it contained a conglomerate of colonies or autonomous states. However in 1901, the 6 various state governments arranged in a referendum to turn into a federation and they also chose the typical flag that nowadays is still the flag of Australia.
Following the formation of Australia as a country, it had been intended to impose a law on immigration management. Nonetheless, when World War II completed, several migrants coming from different areas arrived in the country and, at the moment, it has become the house of people from various areas of the earth.
Source: eTA visa Australia